1 Peter: Elect Exiles of the Dispersion

Some of the first readers of 1 Peter were likely in Jerusalem years earlier on Pentecost.  Jews from Pontus and Asia had heard the apostles speaking miraculously in their own native language on that day (Acts 2:8-11).  Some of them were likely among the 3,000 who had obeyed the gospel that day (Acts 2:36-41).  Thus, some of the original recipients of 1 Peter might have been there with Peter on the day the church began.… Read More 1 Peter: Elect Exiles of the Dispersion

Zechariah: “They Will Look On Me Whom They Have Pierced”

Christ is speaking in first person through Zechariah’s prophecy.  That is made clear when He cited Himself as the one “whom they have pierced,” a foretelling of the crucifixion.  Thus, “I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and of supplication” could be a prophecy that Christ would pour out the Holy Spirit.  Speaking of Jesus on the Day of Pentecost, Peter said, “Therefore having been exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He has poured forth this which you both see and hear” (Acts 2:33).  Thus, this prophecy could have its fulfillment in the beginning of the church on Pentecost, with “the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem” referring to the Jews in Jerusalem who obeyed the gospel that day (Acts 2:38-41), and as a secondary application to the church as a whole, the spiritual house of David and the heavenly Jerusalem (Heb. 12:22-23).… Read More Zechariah: “They Will Look On Me Whom They Have Pierced”

Zechariah: “The House of David Shall Be Like God”

Zechariah’s statement, “…the house of David shall be like God, like the angel of the Lord, going before them” (12:8c), is likely a figurative prophetic reference to Jesus.  Christ was a descendant of David’s house (2 Sam. 7:12-16; Ps. 132:11; Is. 11:1; Jer. 23:5; cf. Matt. 1:1; Lk. 1:32, 69; John 7:42; Acts 2:30; 13:23; Rom. 1:3; 2 Tim. 2:8; Rev. 22:16).  John depicted Jesus as “the Word” who “was God” and “became flesh and dwelt among us” (John 1:1, 14; cf. Phil. 2:5-7; 2 Cor. 4:4b). … Read More Zechariah: “The House of David Shall Be Like God”

Zechariah: The Tents of Judah

People who live in tents generally are not as well off as people who live in houses in the city.  Most of the religious elite rejected the gospel, although not all did (cf. John 12:42; Acts 6:7).  There were some in the higher stations of life who became faithful Christians like Cornelius, Lydia, and Philemon.  However, as Paul later described, those most receptive to the gospel who generally tended to be first to obey were not “wise according to worldly standards,” nor “powerful” or “of noble birth” (1 Cor. 1:26; cf. Matt. 11:25; Mk. 12:37).  Yet regardless of one’s financial or social status, within the church we are “all one in Christ Jesus” (Gal. 3:28).… Read More Zechariah: The Tents of Judah

Zechariah: The Heavy Stone

A biblical case could be made that Jerusalem and Judah symbolize the New Testament church in this prophecy.  The New Testament writers spoke of Christians in terms that would have fit the Jews of the Old Testament (cf. Rom. 2:28-29; Gal. 3:29; 6:16; James 1:1; Lk. 22:30), thus showing that under the Christian era it is Christians, not ethnic Jews, who are God’s chosen people.  In like manner, the writer of Hebrews described “the church of the firstborn” as “the heavenly Jerusalem” (Heb. 12:22-23; cf. Rev. 21:2; 19:7; Rom. 7:4).… Read More Zechariah: The Heavy Stone

Zechariah: Thirty Pieces of Silver

Judas and the chief priests fulfilled this prophecy when he threw the money into the temple and they determined to use it to buy “the potter’s field as a burial place for strangers” who had died in Jerusalem, rather than put it into the temple treasury since it had been used to kill a Man (Matt. 27:3-10).  They likely knew of a very cheap piece of property near the city from which potters had been taking clay for years to make their pottery, thus now rendering it useless for nothing more than a graveyard, something worth no more than $15.… Read More Zechariah: Thirty Pieces of Silver

Zechariah: Did Matthew Make a Mistake?

Matthew 26:9-10 says that Jeremiah had spoken the prophecy and does not mention Zechariah.  Some consider this a contradiction and thus proof that the Bible is not inspired of God.  “My Bible’s cross-reference says that Zechariah wrote this, but Matthew says Jeremiah said it.  That’s a contradiction!  The Bible must be a fraud!”  Such a conclusion is mistaken for several reasons. … Read More Zechariah: Did Matthew Make a Mistake?