Zechariah: Joshua’s Crown and the Messiah

This crown, made of silver and gold molded together by the prophet, might have been double-tiered.  According to commentator Homer Hailey, this would signify that the one wearing the crown held two offices, that of high priest AND king.  No high priest had been king before in Israel.  Zechariah’s crowning of the high priest Joshua was thus a symbolic prophecy.  This is made even clearer by what the Lord directed Zechariah to say to Joshua (whose name in Hebrew – yhosua – means “Jehovah saves” and is transliterated in Greek to iesous…Jesus).… Read More Zechariah: Joshua’s Crown and the Messiah

Zechariah: The Four Chariots of God’s Wrath (The Eighth Vision)

Remember, these horses which pulled these chariots were going “to the four winds of heaven” (6:5).  We’ve seen that angels are associated with “winds” or “spirits” and are involved in the divine punishment of nations.  Thus, the horses’ impatience to “patrol the earth” could signify the impatience of angels to deliver God’s punishment upon counties and cultures throughout the earth who rebel against Him.  In this case, they were given permission by the angel who had been speaking to Zechariah.  Would this indicate that the angel talking with him in all these visions was Michael, the archangel (archangelos, chief angel)?  Possibly.  Whoever this angel was, he then “cried” (zāʿaq in Hebrew, meaning “announced”) to Zechariah, “Behold, those who go toward the north country have set my Spirit at rest in the north country” (6:8).  Apparently, the punishment given to Persia – and the remnants of Babylon and Assyria still existing within the Persian Empire – for their wickedness had satisfied the wrath of God (cf. Ezek. 5:13; 16:42; 24:13). … Read More Zechariah: The Four Chariots of God’s Wrath (The Eighth Vision)

Zechariah: Wickedness in a Basket (The Seventh Vision)

Inside the basket sat a woman (5:7b).  If this were a literal human woman, then she must have been a very tiny woman so as to fit inside a basket which would only hold about six or seven gallons of material.  Considering that the prophet did not understand what he was seeing and thus required the angel to explain it to him, it’s more likely that this was a small figurine of a woman instead of a literal human female.  Since the angel then apparently took the woman out of the basket, said of her, “This is Wickedness,” and then “thrust her back into the basket, and thrust down the leaden weight on its opening” (5:8), it’s logical to conclude that the “woman” was in fact an idol in the form of the figurine of some pagan goddess probably worshiped by the locals living around Jerusalem as the Jews were rebuilding the temple.… Read More Zechariah: Wickedness in a Basket (The Seventh Vision)

Zechariah: The Curse of the Flying Scroll (The Sixth Vision)

Israel had gone into Assyrian captivity and Judah had gone into Babylonian captivity because of their unrepentant disobedience (Hos. 4:2-3; Mic. 2:2-3).  By going into captive exile, they had already been “purged away” in those instances, and it seems Zechariah’s vision here servers as both a reminder and a warning for them to not make the same mistakes again. Christians, would God send a curse upon us because of unrepentant sin in our lives (cf. Rom. 15:4; 1 Cor. 10:11; 2 Tim. 3:16-17)?  Let us examine ourselves (2 Cor. 13:5).   … Read More Zechariah: The Curse of the Flying Scroll (The Sixth Vision)

Zechariah: “Not by Might Nor by Power, But by My Spirit” (The Fifth Vision)

The message that they would complete the temple only through the aid and power of God is a good principle to keep in mind for our own endeavors.  “Unless the Lord builds the house, they labor in vain who build it…” (Ps. 127:1a).  May we always seek the aid of God in all we try to do, and make sure our aims are in accordance with His will.… Read More Zechariah: “Not by Might Nor by Power, But by My Spirit” (The Fifth Vision)

Zechariah: God Will Dwell in Your Midst (The Third Vision)

It’s clear that the prophecy described in this vision was partly fulfilled around the time the temple was completed during the period of post-Babylonian captivity in the Jews’ history.  I also believe the prophecy was completely fulfilled centuries later when Christ’s church was established (Acts 2) and reached out to the Gentiles (Acts 10-11ff).… Read More Zechariah: God Will Dwell in Your Midst (The Third Vision)

Zechariah: God Determines the Fate of Nations (The Second Vision)

Just as it takes blacksmiths and carpenters to craft horns out of metal or wood, those same blacksmiths and carpenters have the power to destroy what they had made.  History has shown that nations who destroy other nations often find themselves being destroyed from within.  This is all done according to the will of God.  A few decades before Zechariah, God had warned Nebuchadnezzar that “the Most High is ruler over the realm of mankind, and bestows it on whom He wishes” (Dan. 4:17).  Nebuchadnezzar would not listen and had to learn that lesson the hard way (Dan. 4:1-37).  Paul would later tell the Athenians that God has “determined (all nations’) appointed times and the boundaries of their habitation” (Acts 17:26).  God certainly does determine the fates of nations.  It would be wise for us to remember that today.                                                                                                       … Read More Zechariah: God Determines the Fate of Nations (The Second Vision)